Marquette Piano Company
(Cremona Brand) Survey

Marquette/Cremona Piano Study Project

Introductory Style Notes:

An Invitation to Send Accompanying Photographs

Pictures of the exterior of an instrument often allows us to identify case styles, control knobs, coin slots, art glass details, and other characteristics oftentimes not easily described through text alone. Moreover, snapshots of the interior mechanisms and any nameplates they may bear usually helps us greatly to identify mechanical characteristics that shed light on the mechanical evolution of an instrument, which helps us when developing dating guides. It is no stretch to say that photographs are an invaluable aid in detailing and understanding any instrument for which information has been submitted, and so please do consider sending photographs, albeit separately from the on-line form, but nonetheless augmenting the survey information.

Invitation to e-mail photographs corresponding to a survey submittal.
Please send photographs to:

Marquette (Cremona) Piano and Orchestrion Survey Form

All survey submissions to the Mechanical Music Press are given with the provision that the Mechanical Music Press and/or its authors have non-exclusive use of the information, images, or other material submitted for use with this project or in any other part of this web site, and do so without limitation. All contributors of significant, previously unused information will be listed as contributors under general credits in the Registry section. Submission does not guarantee the acceptance of or the use of the whole or any part or segment of any information submitted. Please do not submit information if you cannot abide by the aforementioned stipulations.

Contact Information
  Show owner name in reports.
Piano Basic Information (Cremona pianos)

Usually die-Stamped into the pinblock and visible in a small oval shaped opening located between the bass & tenor tuning pin sections of the piano plate.

Cremona Styles: 1 through 5, A‐Art, C‐Art, F, G, J (standard case), J (Byzantine case with carved falcons and gryphons), K, 10, 20, 30, Theatre Orchestra Style M, M2, M3, O Special.

Mandolin attachment.

Oak, Fumed oak, Mahogany, Walnut, etc.

Pipework
Wooden violin pipes.  Metal violin pipes.  Open flute pipes.  Stopped flute pipes.  Wooden piccolo pipes.

Styles F and G typically have stopped or open flute pipes, or less commonly, wooden violins. Metal violins might have been used but no examples are known. Style J orchestrion have either metal or wooden violins, either stopped or open flutes, and either wooden xylophone or metal Una‐Fon bells. All known examples of Style K orchestrion have open wooden flutes, wooden violins and wooden piccolos.

If some of the above descriptions do not exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Striking and/or Percussive Instrumentation
Xylophone.  Una-Fon bells. 
Tambourine.  Triangle.  Castanets.  Wood block. 
Snare drum.  Bass drum.  Tympani effect.  Cymbal. 

If some of the above descriptions do not exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Pneumatic Stack

This s/n number is usually die‐stamped into the front (or possibly the top) of the pneumatic stack.

Early Stack with tubing connections in back. 
Late Stack with tubing connections in front.

If none of the above descriptions exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Roll Frame Drive System
Belt from crankshaft to roll drive shaft; small stepped pulley in back.
Belt from crankshaft to roll drive shaft; larger stepped pulley in front.
Worm gear driven roll drive shaft; stepped pulley for tempo control.
Worm gear driven roll drive shaft; double cones with friction wheel.
Worm gear driven roll drive shaft; friction wheel on vertical shaft.

If none of the above descriptions exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Roll Frame / Spoolbox
Early spoolbox with wood sides & tracker bar.
Standard spoolbox with cast iron sides & brass tracker bar.
Spoolbox equipped with Tune Selector device.

If none of the above descriptions exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Music Roll Type
Style A music roll.  Style M music roll. 

If none of the above descriptions exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Vacuum Regulator Type (if an orchestrion)
Double pneumatic vacuum regulator. 
Single pneumatic vacuum regulator. 

Early orchestrions have a large regulator pneumatic with a pair of medium size pneumatics that either push it farther shut (for soft expression) or pull it farther open (loud). Late style Js had a large regulator pneumatic with one pneumatic that pulled it farther open.

Motor Information (only if original motor)  Motor Model:  Motor S/N:   Motor RPM: 
Coin Accumulator / Coin Magazine Mechanism
Nickel completes electrical circuit.
Weight of nickel turns pinned counting wheel.
Two separate pneumatics control counting wheel.
Spring-loaded ratchet wheel.

If none of the above descriptions exactly correspond to what is being reported please describe the component in the comments field at the bottom of this form.

Art Glass Description
Inspection Date and Inspector's Penciled Initials

On many Marquette (Cremona) pianos the final inspection date and the inspector's initials are written in pencil on the inside left side of the case, or on the upper back of the piano.

Comments, History, and Explanations

Please include any additional information about the piano that might be pertinent, such as its history, i.e., various locations and owners. If you find a date (or style number), such as on a paper sticker inside or on the backside of the case, or on a pneumatic component, notice an early tuning date written by hand on the piano plate, find an original sales invoice, etc., please describe any such items.

* Required form fields: Contact information will be kept private, with the exception of owner name if, and only if the "Show owner name on reports" box is checked.